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Farming Vocabulary

Below are some of the phrases and names used in the interviews that you may not have heard before.

Colostrum is the first milk produced after calving, containing factors that support the immune system and promote growth.
Mac Bennett

Cade lamb
An orphan lamb that requires bottle feeding and is reared by hand.

A potato clamp is a method of storing potatoes outdoors, protected from frost and rain under a pile of earth and straw. Also camp; mangold camp.
Ray Hughes

A capon is a male chicken castrated when young to improve the quality of its flesh for food
John Baines

Horses could be temperamental. A horse that is unsteady when in harness.
Alan Aucott

Deep litter shed
Animal housing with straw or wood shavings, allowing free movement
Rossie Windridge

Grossmith cages
A type of rearing cage used to house battery hens. Grossmith also supplied feed.
Derek Dixon

Higher Level Stewardship scheme- a farm payment from central government relating to measures to protect and enhance the environment.
David Russell and Andy Bean


A unit for rearing day-old chicks, heated with a paraffin lamp.

Lairing The collecting or resting area of the slaughterhouse.
David Kimbrell

Mangelwurzel or mangold wurzel (Beta vulgaris)
A variety of root vegetable of the family Chenopodiaceae, genus Beta (the beets) used chiefly as a feed for cattle and sheep.

Manure bury
A heap of manure piled up, ready to be spread over the fields.

MCPA or 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid is a powerful, selective, widely-used phenoxy herbicide.

The Meuse Rhine Issel
A breed of cattle originating from the Netherlands and Germany – Ken Simmons

Milking bale
Portable milking machine with petrol engine, towed into place to milk 6 cows at a time.

A skin disease of sheep and goats caused by a parapox virus. It is transmissable to humans through direct close contact.
(John Bland)

Point-of-lay hens
Hens at 4 or 5 months old, becoming mature enough to lay eggs

Phosphates Nitrogen, potassium soil test

(verb, to riddle) riddling potatoes (Joy White)

Cow shed, North country term?
Robert Critchley

Shucking or stooking the corn to dry out
Ray Hughes

Stores, store cattle
Young cattle that will be reared, rather than sold for slaughter.

Swine erysipelas
Disease pigs caused by the bacterium Erysipelothrix insidiosa

Stone slab or shelf that helps lower the temperature in a food store or pantry.

Tylan Powder
The commercial name for the antibiotic, Tylosin, used to treat a number of ailments in small animals
Derek Dixon

A young pig

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